Uluslararası Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Kongresi, Bosna-Hersek, 01 Ekim 2013, ss.23-31
Relationship between Work and Writer or the Place of Rumelia/Balkans in the Literary Geography of Ahmed Mithat Efendi
Literary texts are the studies which reflect the changes and transformations in the life of nations in the widest sense, as well as they can be considered as the texts which shed light on the geography of author’s life and bear the traces from it. Ahmed Mithat Efend whose centenary of his death was commemorated in recent days became a prolific writer of Turkish Literature by his works in different areas, and greatly deserved the title of “Hace-i evvel”. He wrote not only story, novel, drama, travel writing and souvenir as a literary form, but also in a wide range of subjects including history, economics and geography. His all works made a great contribution to the Turkish culture. Especially in his novels and stories, he dealt with the subjects like arranged marriage, incorrect understanding of Westernization, matters in education regarding the problems arose from the participation of girls to schools. In his works, he did speak not only about Ottoman geography and areas Islam spread, but also about different continents such as Asia, Europe, Africa, and America. But the place of Rumelia/Balkans in which he spent his early ages enshrined his memory. In this article, by reading Ahmed Mithat Efendi’s stories and novels in a geography-centered manner, we will focus on the issue of how Rumelia/Balkans appeared in the geography of his life or the question of how his life story and this geography can be connected.
Key Words: Literary Geography, Ahmed Mithat Efendi, Rumelia/Balkans, Novel