Objectives: Preeclampsia (PE) is diagnosed in women presenting with new onset hypertension accompanied by proteinuria. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the carbohydrate intolerance that can occur in pregnancy. Neutrophil activation is related to PE and GDM. Circulating microRNAs (miRs) are small, noncoding RNA molecules. The aim of this study was to verify the expression levels of three candidate miRs in blood leukocytes of the patients with PE, GDM, and PE-GDM compared to healthy controls.