Exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic fields emitted from mobile phones induced DNA damage in human ear canal hair follicle cells


Akdağ M., Daşdağ S. , Cantürk Tan F., Akdag M. Z.

ELECTROMAGNETIC BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, vol.37, pp.66-75, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15368378.2018.1463246
  • Title of Journal : ELECTROMAGNETIC BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.66-75
  • Keywords: Radiofrequency radiation, mobile phone, DNA damage, single strand break, ear canal hair follicle cells, GHZ RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, PERIPHERAL-BLOOD LYMPHOCYTES, WI-FI EQUIPMENT, RAT-BRAIN CELLS, STRAND BREAKS, MAGNETIC-FIELD, IN-VITRO, 900 MHZ, SINGLE, TEMPERATURE

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate effect of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) emitted from mobile phones on DNA damage in follicle cells of hair in the ear canal. The study was carried out on 56 men (age range: 30-60years old)in four treatment groups with n=14 in each group. The groups were defined as follows: people who did not use a mobile phone (Control), people use mobile phones for 0-30min/day (second group), people use mobile phones for 30-60min/day (third group) and people use mobile phones for more than 60min/day (fourth group). Ear canal hair follicle cells taken from the subjects were analyzed by the Comet Assay to determine DNA damages. The Comet Assay parameters measured were head length, tail length, comet length, percentage of head DNA, tail DNA percentage, tail moment, and Olive tail moment. Results of the study showed that DNA damage indicators were higher in the RFR exposure groups than in the control subjects. In addition, DNA damage increased with the daily duration of exposure. In conclusion, RFR emitted from mobile phones has a potential to produce DNA damage in follicle cells of hair in the ear canal. Therefore, mobile phone users have to pay more attention when using wireless phones.