SEMINARS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY, cilt.34, ss.458-463, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical outcome of Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) performed with split corneal grafts and to evaluate the influence of tamponade material and endothelial storage time on DMEK success. Material and Method: The records of 43 patients who underwent DMEK surgery with a split corneal graft were reviewed. Diagnosis of the patients, preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal and endothelial storage time, tamponade material, complications, and success rates were specifically tabulated. Results: The most common indication for DMEK was pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (n = 25, 58.2%). Re-bubbling was needed in 10 cases (23.2%), and a re-DMEK was scheduled in 2 cases and penetrating keratoplasty in 4 cases (9.3%). BCVA improved significantly postoperatively (p < .001). There was an insignificant trend towards a lower re-bubbling rate and better long-term anatomic outcome in favor of 20% SF6 group compared to air tamponade (p = .18 and p = .25). There was no significant difference between the early endothelial transplant (<24 h) and delayed endothelial transplant (3 to 14 days) groups for anatomic success, corneal thickness or BCVA (p = .94, p = .13 and p = .35). Conclusion: The success rate of DMEK was satisfactory with split corneal grafts. There was no adverse influence of delayed endothelial transplantation on clinical outcome. The success rate of 20% SF6 tamponade was slightly better than room air.