Purpose To compare the correlations between lamina cribrosa (LC) and related structures with Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) and different stages of pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXG). Methods This prospective cross-sectional study included 32 PXS eyes of 24 patients and 94 PXG eyes (early-stage (n: 55) and advanced-stage glaucoma (n: 39) of 78 patients. Global and six sectors of RNFL thicknesses and BMO-MRW parameters were measured with enhanced depth imaging (EDI) mode of SD-OCT. Structural parameters; lamina cribrosa thickness (LCT), lamina cribrosa depth (LCD), prelaminar tissue thickness (PLTT), four quadrants of peripapillary choroidal thicknesses (PPCT), and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) were measured and statistical relationships between the structural parameters have been laid out. We apply the generalized estimating equations method to take into account dependency of right and left eyes. Results From PXS to mild and advanced PXG groups LCT and PLTT decrease from 147.29 +/- 33.10, 145.62 +/- 30.64, 126.30 +/- 29.14 and 260.93 +/- 185.07, 247.27 +/- 142.58, 159.89 +/- 86.84, respectively, and LCD varies as 159.89 +/- 86.84, 420.88 +/- 117.80, and 505.64 +/- 183.25. The correlations between LCD, LCT, and PLTT and the stage of the disease are significant. BMO-MRW shows slightly stronger correlations than the RNFL with LC related parameters. SFCT does not exhibit any significant relationship with the stage of the disease. However, PPCT in only the interior quadrant does. The significant correlations between LCD and all quadrants of PPCT is the sign of important anatomic relationship. Conclusion These findings show that the BMO-MRW parameter may be more sensitive than RNFL and can safely be used in the diagnosis and follow-up in PXS and PXG, but this result should be supported with longer and larger series.