Human Rights in the Regime Covid-19, İzmir, Turkey, 27 - 28 May 2021, pp.1-14
As the whole world was concerned about the news coming from Wuhan-China, it took only three months for the World Health Organisation (WHO) to declare the COVID-19 as a pandemic. The rapidly spreading novel coronavirus severely affected the lives of many people around the world, including the employees and employers. Governments had to take many measures to prevent the spread of the virus including the closure of restaurants, cafes, theatres, cinemas, non-essential shops, and others. They even had to declare national lockdowns when the healthcare systems could not cope with the intensity of the patients admitted to the hospitals. All these measures, indeed, had consequences for the economy. Employees’ loss of income or even loss of their jobs were only two of these consequences.
Short-time working allowance is a tool to manage the risk of the loss of income or job. It is strictly related to the unemployment insurance. In case of a temporary reduction of at least one-third of the weekly working hours at the workplace due to general economic, sectoral, regional crisis or force majeure, or a total closure of the workplace for at least four weeks due to the same reasons, short-time working allowance provides income support to the insured employees for a certain period.
In our paper, the application of the short-time working allowance and the amendments made for the period of the pandemic will be examined, including the conditions to benefit from the allowance, the procedure to apply for the allowance and the administrative sanctions in case of fraud. On the other hand, the relation between the allowance provided by the government for unpaid leave and short-time working allowance will also be discussed.