Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) cause the disease botulism, which can be lethal if untreated. Rapid determination of exposure to BoNT is an important public health goal. Previous work in our laboratory focused on the development of Endopep-MS, a mass spectrometry-based endopeptidase method for detecting and differentiating BoNT A-G in buffer and BoNT A, B, E, and F in clinical samples. We introduce here the use of Endeopep-MS to detect non-commercial subtypes of BoNT A, B, E, and F which have been associated with botulism outbreaks. We have now tested and successfully detected 15 of the 17 known subtypes of BoNT A, B, E, and F by Endopep-MS. Extraction of BoNT A and B from a complex mixture prior to analysis is accomplished by using monoclonal antibodies specific for the catalytically inactive heavy chain of the toxin. These antibodies have high-binding affinities and do not interfere with the catalytic activity of the light chain resulting in a lower limit of detection for BoNT A and B than previously reported. We also report for the first time limits of detection for BoNT A2, A3, B2, and bivalent B using Endopep-MS. Published by Elsevier B.V.