Development of the Health Literacy Scale for Protection Against COVID-19


Savcı C. , Zengin N., Çil Akıncı A.

Electronic Journal of General Medicine, vol.18, no.6, pp.1-8, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.29333/ejgm/11319
  • Title of Journal : Electronic Journal of General Medicine
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-8

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this cross-sectional methodological design research is to develop the Health Literacy Scale for Protect against COVID-19 and examine its validity and reliability.

Methods: The population of the research consisted of participants aged above 18 on 15-30 January 2021 and the sample consisted of 547 individuals. As data collection tools, questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, Turkey Health Literacy Scale (THLS) and Health Literacy Scale for Protect against COVID-19 to be developed by the researchers were used. The content, construct and criterion validity of the Health Literacy Scale for Protect against COVID-19 were examined. The reliability of the scale was evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha and item-total correlation.
Results: Content validity was verified with Content Validity Index (CVI) .97. In the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the scale, a single-factor structure with an eigenvalue value greater than 1 and factor loads above 0.60 were found, which explains 70.639% of the total variance. In the confirmatory factor analysis of the scale, it was seen that the Goodness-of-Fit Indices values were at acceptable levels. Criterion validity was supported by a moderate positive correlation (r = .0569, p <0.001) between THLS and Health Literacy Scale for Protect against COVID-19 score. Based on Cronbach’s alpha and item-total correlation results, the item’s reliability was found to be at a satisfactory level.
Conclusion: Health Literacy Scale for Protect against COVID-19 is a reliable and valid tool that can be used to evaluate the health literacy of society for protection from COVID-19.