Musculoskeletal pain and its relation to individual and work-related factors: a cross-sectional study among Turkish office workers who work using computers

Aytutuldu G. K. , BİRİNCİ T. , TARAKCI E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ERGONOMICS, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10803548.2020.1827528
  • Keywords: lower back pain, musculoskeletal disorders, neck pain, upper extremities, working conditions, work using computers, OSWESTRY DISABILITY INDEX, RISK-FACTORS, SYMPTOMS, TIME


Objective . Office workers are commonly exposed to work-related musculoskeletal pain. This study investigated the individual and work-related risk factors linked to musculoskeletal pain and pain-related disability among Turkish office workers who work using computers. Methods. One-hundred and fifty office workers were included. Data were collected using an online survey with a combination of the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire, Oswestry disability index (ODI), neck disability index (NDI) and disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand questionnaire short-form (Q-DASH). The participants were divided into four subgroups: no pain (n = 26), lower back pain (n = 37), neck pain (n = 49) and upper-extremity pain (n = 38). Results. There were differences between subgroups in terms of the condition that feet touch the floor and the condition that the keyboard, mouse and wrist are in a straight line (p = 0.013 and p = 0.025, respectively). Working years was correlated with the ODI score (rho = 0.802, p = 0.041). There was also a significant correlation between the NDI score and working hours (rho = 0.415, p = 0.003), while Q-DASH was correlated with body mass index and working years (rho = 0.406, p = 0.014, and rho = 0.327, p = 0.043, respectively). Conclusions. Pain-related disability was associated with various risk factors such as physical inactivity, body mass index, working hours, working years and workplace ergonomics in the office workers.