The influence of annealing temperature and time on the efficiency of pentacene: PTCDI organic solar cells

BİBER M., AYDOĞAN Ş., Caldiran Z., ÇAKMAK B., Karacali T., TÜRÜT A.

RESULTS IN PHYSICS, vol.7, pp.3444-3448, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rinp.2017.09.014
  • Title of Journal : RESULTS IN PHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.3444-3448
  • Keywords: Organic solar cells, PTCDI, Pentacene, Annealing, NANOSCALE MORPHOLOGY


In this study, fabrication of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon/Perylene Tetracarboxylic Di-Imide (PTCDI), donor/acceptor solar cells are presented using physical vapour deposition technique in a 1000 class glove box. An ITO/PEDOT:PSS/Pentacene/PTCDI/Al (ITO = Indium Tin Oxide and PEDOT:PSS = poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate) solar cell has been obtained and the power conversion efficiency, PCE (eta) of about 0.33% has been obtained under simulated solar illumination of 300 W/m(2). Furthermore, the effects of annealing temperatures (at 100 and 150 degrees C) and of annealing (at 100 degrees C) times for 5 and 10 min. on the power conversion efficiency, eta of the solar cells have also been investigated. In general, it has been seen that the thermal annealing deteriorated the characteristics parameters of Pentacene/PTCDI solar cell such that both fill factor, FF and eta decreased after annealing and with increase of annealing time. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed that the phase segregation and grain size increased and the surface roughness of Pentacene film decreased and these effects reduced the eta value. The eta values of the solar cell have been determined as 0.33%, 0.12% and 0.06% for pre-annealing, annealing at 100 and 150 degrees C, respectively. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license