Decomposition of unitary matrices for finding quantum circuits: Application to molecular Hamiltonians


Creative Commons License

Daskin A. , Kais S.

JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, cilt.134, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 134 Konu: 14
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.3575402
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS

Özet

Constructing appropriate unitary matrix operators for new quantum algorithms and finding the minimum cost gate sequences for the implementation of these unitary operators is of fundamental importance in the field of quantum information and quantum computation. Evolution of quantum circuits faces two major challenges: complex and huge search space and the high costs of simulating quantum circuits on classical computers. Here, we use the group leaders optimization algorithm to decompose a given unitary matrix into a proper-minimum cost quantum gate sequence. We test the method on the known decompositions of Toffoli gate, the amplification step of the Grover search algorithm, the quantum Fourier transform, and the sender part of the quantum teleportation. Using this procedure, we present the circuit designs for the simulation of the unitary propagators of the Hamiltonians for the hydrogen and the water molecules. The approach is general and can be applied to generate the sequence of quantum gates for larger molecular systems. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3575402]