Concentric-Needle Cannula Method for Single-Puncture Arthrocentesis in Temporomandibular Joint Disease: An Inexpensive and Feasible Technique

Oreroglu A. R. , Ozkaya O., Ozturk M. B. , Bingol D., Akan M.

JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.69, no.9, pp.2334-2338, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.joms.2011.03.004
  • Page Numbers: pp.2334-2338


Management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders presenting with pain, restricted mouth opening, or simply asymptomatic clicking can be challenging even to the experienced surgeon. Many conservative and invasive techniques are available, but most cases can be treated by arthrocentesis of the joint locally. A simple process of joint irrigation enables lysis of intra-articular adhesions, change in the joint viscosity, and clearance of various substances in the joint fluid. Classically, arthrocentesis of the TMJ has been performed with 2 needles: an infusion needle and an aspiration needle. Various devices and techniques have been described in the literature, each with its own benefits and drawbacks. We introduce our technique of TMJ lavage using 2 different gauge needles placed in a concentric manner; hence, besides a less traumatic and easier puncture of the joint capsule, the lavage and aspiration of the joint space can be performed efficiently, with minimal morbidity. The use of a concentric-needle cannula system is the least traumatic and perhaps the most cost-effective method for TMJ lavage described to date. We believe that this technique is applicable and can be performed by even the inexperienced surgeon. (C) 2011 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:2334-2338, 2011