An Example of the Relationship between Metaphysics and Logic: Genus (Jins) and Differentia (Fasl) as the Parts of Quiddity (Mahiyya) in Ibn Sina and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi's Thought


Atas S.

NAZARIYAT-JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCES, cilt.6, ss.225-242, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.12658/nazariyat.6.1.m0091en
  • Dergi Adı: NAZARIYAT-JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.225-242

Özet

Beyond being a tool of science, logic is also a specific discipline in Islamic studies that reflects scholars' metaphysical and ontological assumptions. One feature that best reflects the perceptions of scholars who use logic as a scientific tool is the parallelism between matter-form (madda-sura) and genus-differentia (jins-fasl). Genus-differentia are the reflections of the Avicennian matter-form theory in epistemology. In this article, I examine how Ibn Sina approached the relationship between genus-differentia and matter-form by accepting the matter-form ontology. Moreover, I analyze how Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, by applying an atomic ontology, explained genus-differentia in contrast to the matter-form theory.