OBJECTIVE: Although the underlying mechanism is not yet fully understood, Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX) is defined as microvascular dysfunction. Prolidase plays a role in collagen synthesis. Increased serum prolidase activity (SPA) has been shown to correlate with collagen turnover. Augmented collagen turn-over may be associated with vascular fibrosis and microvascular dysfunction. In this study, we assessed whether there was a correlation between CXS and prolidase activity.