Intra-cesarean insertion and fixation of frameless intrauterine devices

Karateke A. , Turgut A. , Özdamar Ö. , Wildemeersch D.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, vol.14, no.1, pp.64-66, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/tjod.90532
  • Page Numbers: pp.64-66


Various contraceptive methods are available to postpartum women including hormonal and nonhormonal barriers, as well as injectable forms. Of all the available birth control methods, intrauterine devices (IUD) are felt by many to be the near-ideal form of contraception, and are recommended by advocacy groups, physicians, and gynecological organizations worldwide. Immediate postpartum IUD insertion deserves greater attention because it can provide immediate contraception, prevents repeat unintended pregnancies, and may serve to reduce the incidence or need for secondary cesarean delivery; however, insertion of conventional T-shape IUDs immediately post placenta delivery is limited by their high expulsion and displacement rates. Anchoring of frameless-design IUDs that lack conventional cross-arms to the uterine fundal surfaces has been medically and commercially available throughout Europe for many years. The placement technique is simple, has minimal patient discomfort, and high long-term patient acceptance due to its high degree of uterine compatibility as a consequence of its small size and segmented design. Frameless-design IUD implantation appears to represent a major advance, suitable for general use, due to its lack of timing restraints and its simplicity of attachment, which only requires limited training.