In this study, calcium and magnesium substituted strontium nano-hexaferrites (Sr0.96Mg0.02Ca0.02Fe12O19, SrMgCa nano-HF) were synthesized by the sol-gel auto-combustion method and their impact on the nutrient uptake, magnetic character and physiology of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), a crop plant, was investigated. Structural, microstructural, and magnetic properties of nano-HF were evaluated by using vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) along with energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and elemental mapping techniques. Plants were hydroponically exposed to nano-HF (ranging from 125 to 1000 mg/L) for three weeks. Results showed that the SrMgCa nano-HF application enhanced germination rate (about 20%), tissue growth (about 38%), biomass (about 20%), soluble protein content (about 41%), and chlorophyll pigments (about 33-42%) when compared to the untreated control. In general, the plants showed the highest growth achievement at 125 or 250 mg/L of nano-HF treatment. However, higher doses diminished the growth parameters. Element concentrations and magnetic behavior analyses of plant parts proved that SrMgCa nano-HF with a size of 42.4 nm are up-taken by the plant roots and lead to increase in iron, calcium, magnesium, and strontium contents of leaves, which were about 20, 18, 3, and 60 times higher in 500 mg/L nano-HF-treated leaves than those of control, respectively. Overall, this study shows for the first time that the four elements have been internalized into the plant body through the application of substituted nanoHF. These findings suggest that mineral-substituted nanoparticles can be incorporated into plant breeding programs for the i) enhancement of seed germination and ii) treatment of plants by fighting with mineral deficiencies.