Seroconversion Status After Single Dose and Double Doses of Varicella Vaccination in Children With Leukemia


ÇAKIR F. B. , Timur C., Yoruk A., ÇAKIR E., Ayhan A.

PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY, vol.29, no.2, pp.191-194, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/08880018.2011.593093
  • Title of Journal : PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.191-194
  • Keywords: leukemia, pediatric, vaccination, varicella, ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA, LIVE, IMMUNIZATION

Abstract

Although varicella is a benign self-limiting disease in healthy children, it can be fatal when it occurs in immunocompromised hosts. Despite that immunosuppressed children are suggested to require 2 doses of vaccine to achieve seroconversion, conflicting results are reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the seroconversion status and mean antibody titers at first year after single dose and double doses of varicella vaccination in acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. Patients with leukemia in remission for at least 1 year who were seronegative for varicella-zoster virus immunoglobulin G (IgG) were vaccinated. Titers above the cutoff level (0.65) were accepted as seroconversion. Seventeen patients were vaccinated with single dose whereas 24 patients were vaccinated with double doses. Mean prevaccination antibody titers were 0.56 +/- 0.05 in patients with single dose and 0.51 +/- 0.08 in patients with double doses (P >.05, Student t test). The mean antibody titers at first year were 0.61 +/- 0.05 in patients with single-dose vaccination (P>. 05, Wilcoxon signed-rank test) and 1.48 +/- 0.04 in patients with double doses (P<.001, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). Seroconversion after single-dose vaccination was achieved in 29% of patients (n = 5/17) and in 75% of patients with double doses (n = 18/24) at first year (P =.004, chi-square test). These results suggest that seroconversion after single-dose vaccinationmight not persist at first year inmalignancy patients. Double doses should be applied in order to provide long-term seroconversion.