The Effect of Anxiety on Thriving Levels of University Students during Covid-19 Pandemic

Şahin S., Tuna R.

COLLEGIAN, vol.29, pp.263-270, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.colegn.2021.10.004
  • Journal Name: COLLEGIAN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL
  • Page Numbers: pp.263-270


Background: During the Covid-19 pandemic, university students struggle with unexpected
changes in their lives, which have adverse effects on their levels of anxiety and thriving.
Thriving with its two subdimensions, namely vitality and learning is a prominent concept for
university students due to contributing the academic achievement and well-being.
Aim: This study aims to examine the effect of anxiety on thriving levels of university
students during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: An analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted between 1 December, 2020
and 6 January, 2021. Data was collected by using online surveys with convenience sampling
method. The sample consisted of 322 university students from a health sciences school of a
public university in Turkey.
Findings: The students’ anxiety and thriving levels were found to be moderate with 10.38 ±
5.24 and 3.41 ± 0.85, respectively. The results also indicated that anxiety had negative and
significant effect on thriving and its subdimensions of vitality and learning. In addition,
anxiety level differed significantly according to gender, worried about getting Covid-19 virus
and following the Covid-19 cases on a daily basis while thriving level only differed
significantly according to the gender.
Discussion: Consistent with previous literature, university students experienced high level of
anxiety during the Covid-19 pandemic according to the current study. The students with high
level of anxiety had lower vitality and learning scores comparing to their peers with low level
of anxiety. This result is crucial, because students with high level of thriving can cope with
stress and feel themselves better psychologically than others.
Conclusion: This study showed that the students exhibited higher anxiety symptoms had
lower level of thriving. Therefore, interventions, psychological support, and instrumental
support are recommended to improve psychological health of university students