Left atrial appendage (LAA) contractile dysfunction is associated with thrombus formation and systemic embolism. LAA function is determined by its flow velocities and fractional area change. This study was pet-formed in order to determine the LAA functions with the anatomic M-mode echocardiography (AMME). Our study comprised 74 patients who had sinus rhythm and underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for various reasons. LAA fractional change (LAAFAC) was measured by manual planimetry in a transverse basal short-axis approach and LAA emptying and filling velocities also were measured. The AMME values were determined by an M-mode cross section from a cursor placed beneath the orifice of the LAA in transverse basal short-axis imaging. From these values LAA fractional shortening (LAAFS) and ejection fraction (LAAEF) were calculated. LAAEF was calculated by the Teicholz method. The comparisons were conducted, and no correlations between the LAA late filling and the anatomic M-mode values were found (for LAAFS r = 0.18, P > 0.05 and for LAAEF r = 0.19; P > 0.05). There were significant but poor correlations among the LAA late emptying with the anatomic M-mode measurements (for LAAFS r = 0.26; P < 0.05 and for LAAEF r = 0.30, P < 0.01), whereas, there were significant and good correlations between the LAAFAC and the anatomic M-mode values (for LAAFS r = 0.75; P < 0.01 and for LAAEFr = 0.78; P < 0.01). There were significant differences between the valvular heart disease group and the normal group, and between the valvular heart disease group and the ASD group (for LAAFAC P < 0.01, for LAAEF P < 0.01, for LAAFS P < 0.01). There was no difference between the normal group and the ASD group. Our study showed that the LAAEF and LAAFS in patients with sinus rhythm obtained via anatomical M-mode echocardiography is a new method, which can be used instead of left atrial appendage area change.