Turkey’s Response to COVID-19: A Reading from Risk Society Theory

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Sadıkoğlu Z. Z.

Toplumsal Değişim, vol.3, no.2, pp.86-95, 2021 (Other Refereed National Journals)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.51448/tde.2021.14
  • Title of Journal : Toplumsal Değişim
  • Page Numbers: pp.86-95


COVID-19 being an air-borne virus has greatly facilitated its global spread, and the lack of a widely accepted treatment has also made calculating its long-term effects difficult. This seems sufficient to point out that COVID-19 has features similar to the contemporary global risks emphasized by Beck (2011). In addition, the difficulty in limiting COVID-19 spatially and temporally brings along the risk perceptions regarding COVID-19 are mostly based on the information produced about them. This situation has highlighted the role of experts who produce this information as reliable mechanisms. However, expert systems today have some limitations in providing assurance. Beck (2013) underlined that state mechanisms need to show more effectiveness in this context where anxieties increase rather than being calmed,; for this, three different alternatives exist: cosmopolitan micropolitical practices, classical welfare state policies, and the presentation of welfare services to the public with a neoliberal logic. This study aims to describe Turkey’s struggle against COVID-19 and demonstrate which of the three alternatives Beck emphasized apply to the policies Turkey has implemented. The case analysis method has been preferred for this purpose. The data to be analyzed have been obtained from OECD Country Policy Tracker database and Coronotracker database. Also, news articles and reports published between March 11, 2020 and January 31, 2021 are used as secondary sources.