The effect of salt-water bath in the management of treatment-related peripheral neuropathy in cancer patients receiving taxane and platinum-based treatment


Emine K. E. , Gulbeyaz C.

EXPLORE-THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND HEALING, vol.18, no.3, pp.347-356, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.explore.2021.07.002
  • Journal Name: EXPLORE-THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND HEALING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.347-356
  • Keywords: Chemotherapy, Peripheral neuropathy, Salt-water bath, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, COLORECTAL-CANCER, THERMAL THERAPY, FOOT MASSAGE, OXALIPLATIN, FOOTBATHS

Abstract

Objectives: In a clinical setting, patients have been observed to complain of discomfort and to discontinue treatment because of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. This experimental study was conducted to determine the effect of a salt-water bath in the management of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Method: One hundred and three patients who received taxane and platinum-based chemotherapy due to cancer and developed peripheral neuropathy associated with the treatment between December 2018 and June 2020 were included in the study. The patients were assigned to the control and experimental groups (1 warm salt-water and 2-cold salt-water) following the randomization checklist. While control groups did not receive any interventions, the patients in the salt-water group were asked to apply warm (41 degrees C) or cold water (23-26 degrees C) baths to their hands/feet for 30 min every other day for 14 days. The data were collected at the beginning of the study and at the end of its first and second weeks using the Patient Information Form and National Cancer Institute (NCI)-CTCAE v5.0 toxicity criteria as well as the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-CIPN20 quality of life scales. Results: The patients had a mean age of 55.6 10.3, and most of them were treated following a breast cancer diagnosis. At the beginning of the study, Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy severity and quality of life scores of the cold/warm salt-water and control groups were similar. Due to repeated follow-ups, it was determined that the peripheral neuropathy severity decreased and the quality of life scores increased statistically signifi-cantly in the patients in the cold salt-water bath group compared to the control group. Conclusion: This study's results suggest that a cold salt-water bath can be an effective approach in managing the development of peripheral neuropathy due to taxane and platinum-based treatment.(c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.