Accuracy of Inchworm Sign on Diffusion-Weighted MRI in Differentiating Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Creative Commons License

Kazan H. O. , ÇULPAN M., GÜNDÜZ N., Keser F., Iplikci A., ATIŞ R. G. , ...More

BLADDER CANCER, vol.8, no.1, pp.35-44, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/blc-211535
  • Journal Name: BLADDER CANCER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-44
  • Keywords: Diffusion-weighted MRI, inchworm sign, interreader agreement, multiparametric MRI, VI-RADS, VI-RADS, STAGE


BACKGROUND: Inchworm sign is a finding on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) and is used to better stratify T-staging in muscle invasive (MIBC) and non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). An uninterrupted low submucosal signal on DWI, defined as inchworm sign (IS), indicates NMIBC.