A MAMLUK HERALDRY AND POLO-STICK RANK IN IRAN IN POLITICAL AND ARTISTIC SENSE


YELEN R.

SANAT TARIHI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF ART HISTORY, vol.30, no.1, pp.205-229, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.29135/std.790797
  • Title of Journal : SANAT TARIHI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF ART HISTORY
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-229

Abstract

The Middle Ages are a period of great upheavals for the Middle East. In this age when alliances, military and social movements, rulers, statesmen and commanders are important, many wars have taken place. The Ilkhanid governments established by the Mamluks and Mongols, a Turkish state, are the great powers of their time. Many people in these states have appeared on the stage of history in terms of their importance. One of these people is Amir Shams al-Din Qarasunqur al-Jukandar, who was taken as a slave by Sultan Qalawun at a young age. Qarasunqur is an important statesman who was the regent of the sultanate and governor of Hama, Aleppo and Damascus under the Mamluk rule. The most important event of Qarasungur in history was his asylum to the Ilkhanians in 1312. Qarasunqur, with his ambitious and political aspect, has often played a role in the political struggles of the Mamluk and Ilkhanid states. Qarasunqur had constant problems with the Mamluk state, where he held managerial positions at different levels. He is known for events such as the assassination of the Mamluk sultans and inciting them to wage war. In addition, he is at the center of political events so that his name can be mentioned in the treaties between the Mamluk and Ilkhanid states. Qarasunqur died in 1328 in Maragha and was buried in his mausoleum in this city.