Background Salivary gland masses constitute a broad spectrum of lesions ranging from non-neoplastic to benign and malignant lesions. Parotid is the largest salivary gland and constitutes 75% to 80% of all salivary gland areas. 80% of parotid lesions are benign and 20% are malignant. Methods Two-hundred and eight-six patients who underwent aspiration cytology in the pathology laboratory between January 1995 and January 2019, evaluated with a sufficient sample and diagnosed, and subsequently underwent surgical treatment were included in the study. Results 47.9% (137) of the patients were female and 52.1% (149) were male. The mean age was 58 years (range: 38-84 years). 13 (4.54%) of the cases were evaluated as non-diagnostic, 12 (4.1%) as atypia of undetermined significance, 196 (68.5%) as benign neoplasm, 43 (15%) as suspicious for malignancy, and 22 (7.86%) were evaluated as malignant. In the histopathological examination of the samples prepared from surgical specimens of 13 non-diagnostic cases, seven (53.8%) cases were reported as Warthin tumors, four (30.7%) as pleomorphic adenomas, and two (15.5%) were reported as lymph nodes with intraparotid localization. Conclusion The diagnosis of Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the parotid gland is difficult due to the rarity of malignant salivary gland neoplasms, the diversity of carcinoma types, and the similarity of cytologic findings of benign tumors and low-grade carcinomas. The diagnostic accuracy of preoperative FNAC is high for benign tumors and low for malignant tumors.