A Biomonitoring Study on Xanthoria parietina (L.) TH.FR in Isparta, Turkey

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Yavuz M., Özyiğitoğlu G.

Oltenia. Studii şi comunicări. Ştiinţele Naturii, vol.35, no.1, pp.71-80, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: Oltenia. Studii şi comunicări. Ştiinţele Naturii
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.71-80


This study aims at determining air quality and potential pollutant sources in Isparta, as well as Gölcük Nature Park, through lichen biomonitoring. The specimens of cosmopolite epiphytic foliose lichen Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th.Fr were sampled from 8 localities in the study area and analysed in an ICP – MS device with reference material, in order to detect Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn elements. The distribution of these airborne elements in the study area was mapped spatially. The results indicate that the elemental sequence of average concentrations measured is Ni > V > Cr > Fe > As > Cu > Al > Zn > Mn > Cd > Pb. Cluster analysis results of the elemental data indicate a strong correlation of the major 3 contaminants in the urban area, which are Ni, V, and Cr. The lichen specimens accumulated maximal concentrations of Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Zn within the Nature Park, the rest of the elements in northern and the eastern localities surrounding the city. The elemental pollution in Isparta is higher than expected due to extensive use of coal as fossil fuel in the city, and it seems to be associated with topographic and climatic characteristics of the city.