Coexistence of Neurofibromatosis type 1 and mosaic trisomy 8 in the same patient: We described trisomy 8 mosaicism in a 6-month-old boy with left corneal leukoma, strabismus, posterior urethral valve, tibial bowing and congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) on graphic of left tibia. The patient also had some minor anomalies such as short philtrum, full everted lower lip, microretrognathia, flexion contracture on his left thumb, deep palmar and plantar creases and three cafe-au-lait macules (CALM) larger than 1 cm on the abdomen. Peripheral blood karyotype analysis of the patient showed 46,XY(10%)/47,XY,+8 (90%)). Mosaic trisomy 8 is a rare syndrome characterized by renal, cardiac, ophthalmologic anomalies, dysmorphic facial features and some skeletal manifestations. When re-evaluated at 2 years of age, his gross motor development was delayed and he also had 12 CALM larger than 1 cm, hence the patient fulfilled NIH diagnostic criteria for Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) based on the CALM and CPT. A truncating mutation was found through comprehensive NF1 mutation analysis, i.e. c.1019_1020delCT (p.Ser340CysfsX12). Here we report a patient with both mosaic trisomy 8 and NF1, which was not described previously.