IV. INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ENGINEERING NATURAL SCIENCES AND ARCHITECTURE (ISENSA KOCAELİ 2021) 20-21 MAY 2021 KOCAELİ/TURKEhttps://www.isensa.org, Kocaeli, Turkey, 20 - 21 May 2021, pp.12-15
Since the Marmara region is located on the North Anatolian Fault Line, it is one of the most sensitive regions
in terms of severe earthquakes. It is an important part of the Marmara region as it acts as a bridge between the
European and Asian sides and the density of Istanbul's population and industrial areas. Many Istanbul earthquakes
have occurred in history. Currently, it is also said that there will be an expectation of a possible Marmara earthquake.
Measures should be taken before the disaster to minimize human life and material losses after the disaster. Scientific
and institutional studies on the effects of earthquakes in individuals after the Kocaeli and Düzce earthquakes in 1999
have helped to evaluate society's perception of earthquakes. In this study, the thoughts of people about earthquake
preparation and perception were evaluated within the scope of the earthquake detection study applied throughout
Istanbul in 2021 Compared the results with the studies conducted in 2008, 2013, and 2018, it was observed how there
was a change in perception over time. In this study, people's perspectives, concerns, and expectations of disaster are
revealed. It is concluded that disaster education should be given multifaceted, that all institutions should work in
cooperation to determine the stock of buildings at risk of earthquakes, to accelerate the urban transformation, and to
develop infrastructure technology.
Keywords— Istanbul earthquake, risk perception, disaster, Urban Transformation, earthquake analysis