Clinical features and risk factors associated with mortality in critically ill children requiring continuous renal replacement therapy


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Duyu M., Turkozkan C.

THERAPEUTIC APHERESIS AND DIALYSIS, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1744-9987.13811
  • Title of Journal : THERAPEUTIC APHERESIS AND DIALYSIS
  • Keywords: comorbidity, continuous renal replacement therapy, critically ill children, lactate, mortality, FLUID OVERLOAD, PEDIATRIC-PATIENTS, OUTCOMES

Abstract

Introduction The aims of this study were to describe the demographic characteristics of critically ill children requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) at our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and to explore risk factors associated with mortality. Methods A retrospective cohort of 121 critically ill children who received CRRT from May 2015 to May 2020 in the PICU of a tertiary healthcare institution was evaluated. Results Overall mortality was 29.8%. In patients diagnosed with sepsis, time until CRRT initiation was significantly shorter in survivors compared to non-survivors (p = 0.036). Based on multivariate logistic regression, presence of comorbidity (OR: 5.71), diagnoses of pneumonia/respiratory failure at admission (OR:16.16), and high lactate level at CRRT initiation (OR:1.43) were independently associated with mortality. Conclusion In the context of the population studied, mortality rate was lower than previously reported. Despite having a large series, heterogenous characteristics and limitations in subgroups may have influenced results and survival.