Growth and superconductivity of FeSex crystals


Patel U., Hua J., Yu S. H. , Avci S. , Xiao Z. L. , Claus H., et al.

APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, cilt.94, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 94 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.3093838
  • Dergi Adı: APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS

Özet

Iron selenide (FeSex) crystals with lateral dimensions up to millimeters were grown via a vapor self-transport method. The crystals consist of the dominant alpha-phase with trace amounts of beta-phase as identified by powder x-ray diffraction. With four-probe resistance measurements, we obtained a zero resistance critical temperature of 7.5 K and a superconducting onset transition temperature of up to 11.8 K in zero magnetic field as well as an anisotropy of 1.5 +/- 0.1 for the critical field. Magnetization measurements on individual crystals reveal the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism.