Foreign Goods, Native Consumption: Popular Reactions to Foreign Economic Domination in Iran (1921-3)

Afacan S.

in: Iran and the Middle East: Transnational Encounters and Social History, H. E Chehabi,Peyman Jafari,Maral Jefroudi, Editor, I.B.Tauris, London, pp.137-160, 2005

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • City: London
  • Page Numbers: pp.137-160
  • Editors: H. E Chehabi,Peyman Jafari,Maral Jefroudi, Editor


This chapter discusses the debates about excessive imports and chronic trade deficit in Iran during early 1920s. It particularly focuses on grassroots dimensions of the ensuing reactions to the ever-increasing inflow of foreign ready-made products and argues that the anti-import debates should be seen as a façade, if a significant one, beneath which various essential political and social tensions rested. Further, by analysing such tensions through the petitions sent from the various strata of the Iranian society such as merchants, tradesmen, craftsmen and workers this chapter also provides an example of state-society interaction in Iran.