A Never-Ending Challenge: Intestinal Tuberculosis or Inflammatory Bowel Disease


YAVUZ A. , Yildirim A. N. T. , AKAN İSMAYILOV K. , TUNCER İ.

CUREUS, vol.13, no.7, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.7759/cureus.16282
  • Title of Journal : CUREUS

Abstract

Intestinal tuberculosis is an uncommon form of tuberculosis, and its diagnosis remains a challenge in patients with Crohn's disease. The clinical, endoscopic, radiologic, and histologic features of Crohn's disease and tuberculosis are remarkably similar, posing a diagnostic challenge. Accurate diagnosis of these two conditions remains vital to the decision on the treatment of the patients. Computerized tomography, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), capsule endoscopy, balloon enteroscopy, ascitic fluid adenosine deaminase (ADA), tuberculosis polymerase chain reaction (TB-PCR), GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA), and laparoscopy can be beneficial in the diagnosis of intestinal tuberculosis. Herein, we report a case where tuberculosis could not be documented, although the patient displayed lymphocytosis in ascites and weight loss. Laparoscopy was diagnostic and the patient benefited from the correct treatment.