Purpose: To evaluate ocular blood flow dynamics by color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Additionally, to investigate the effect of dialysis type on ocular blood flow by comparing the findings of peritoneal dialysis (PD) subjects, hemodialysis (HD) subjects, and healthy controls. Material and methods: Forty patients (21 HD and 19 PD) and 40 controls were included in the study. CDU and spectral analysis of temporal posterior ciliary artery (TPCA) and central retinal artery (CRA) were performed to evaluate peak systolic flow velocity (PSV), end diastolic flow velocity (EDV), and resistive indices (RIs). Ocular blood flows were examined before and after HD. Post-HD findings were compared with those in PD subjects and healthy controls. Results: PSV and EDV values in CRA and TPCA after HD sessions were found to be significantly decreased when compared with pre-dialysis values. There was no statistically significant difference between the pre-dialysis and post-dialysis RI values of both arteries. Systolic and diastolic blood flows in CRA and TPCA were higher and RI values were lower in PD subjects than in HD and controls. No significant difference was seen between HD subjects and controls. Conclusion: After a single HD session, ocular blood flows of patients with ESRD were normalized. But PD subjects show higher systolic and diastolic ocular blood flows than healthy controls, suggesting that HD is more effective than PD for achieving normal ocular blood flow.