We describe the design and characterization of a silicon nanophotonic waveguide (SNW) and its use in a reconfigurable microwave photonic filter (MPF). The SNW is dispersion tailored for efficient on-chip four-wave-mixing. We use the on-chip four-wave-mixing to increase the number of taps in our multiple tap delay line MPF. The tap levels are controlled by a programmable filter. Using a 12 mm long SNW reduces the footprint by five orders of magnitude compared to silica highly nonlinear fiber while only requiring approximately two times more input power.