HIV is associated with an increased incidence of mucocutaneous disorders, with the overwhelming majority of HIV-infected individuals being afflicted with skin diseases during the course of the infection. Skin diseases in HIV patients are rarely fatal, but they have a significant effect on the quality of life. The immunologic stage of the infection and the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are the main elements that determine the spectrum of the mucocutaneous involvement. Many skin diseases may occur simultaneously in HIV patients, and the course of these diseases may or may not be different than it is in HIV-negative individuals. The unusual, severe, and different presentations of the mucocutaneous involvement make HIV one of the great imitators in dermatology. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.