16. European Congress of Psychology, Moscow, Russia, 2 - 05 July 2019, pp.2-3
Interpersonal Sensitivity, Loneliness and Impulsivity as Predictors of Smart Phone Addiction among University Students
Besides their benefits and easiness they brought in our lives; smartphones have the potential to create problems like misuse of the phones, disruption of social relations, and risk of addiction (Gönül 2002, Kwon et al, 2013; Young, 2004,). In many ways smartphone addiction is similar to internet addiction, and it contains the characteristics of other technology and behavior addictions (Cha and Seo, 2018). It seems to be a growing problem especially for the adolescents and youngsters. In this study we aimed to understand the role of interpersonal sensitivity, loneliness and impulsivity on smartphone addiction among the university students. We believe that determining the potential antecedents and risks for smartphone addiction might help the families and professional to take some precautions for this problem. With this purpose, we gathered data from 200 university students that continue their undergraduate education at the universities located in İstanbul. Smartphone Addiction Scale (Kwon, 2013) which was adapted to Turkish by Demirci et al. (2014); UCLA Loneliness Scale which was developed by Russell, Peplau and Ferguson (1978) and translated to Turkish by Demir (1989); The Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM) of Boyce, and Parker (1989) that was validated for Turkish Culture by Doğan and Sapmaz (2012); UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale (Whiteside and Lynam, 2001), that was translated to Turkish by Yargıç, et al. (2011); and demographic information form were completed by the participants. The multiple regression analysis showed that Interpersonal Sensitivity scores (β: .218, t:3.822 , p<.01), and Impulsivity scores (β:.191, t:2.833, p<.01) significantly predicted Smartphone Addiction Scores of university students (R2:.10, F:.8,026, p<.01). We also analyzed the predictiveness of subdimensions of these two variables on Smartphone Addiction. For Interpersonal Sensitivity, Interpersonal Worry and Dependency dimension explained the variance in Smartphone addiction scores (β:.293, t:4,308, p<.01) (R2:.09, F:18, 556, p<.01). For Impulsive Behavior, Sensation Seeking (β:.179, t:3.149, p<.01) and Urgency (β:.591, t:10.378, p<.01) dimensions significantly predicted the smartphone addiction (R2:.469, F:87.015, p<.01). The results indicated that interpersonally sensitive and impulsive students seemed to be more prone to smartphone addiction; and parents and psychologists dealing with adolescents can consider these variables as potential risk factors for smartphone addiction.
Key Words: Smart Phone Addiction, Technology Addiction, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Loneliness, Impulsivity