Open Journal of Pediatrics, pp.268-271, 2012 (National Non-Refereed Journal)
Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase (PNP) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. In PNP-deficiency disorder, the deficient enzyme leads to accumulation of toxic metabolites, especially in lymphocytes and the metabolites exert toxic effect on T-cell generation. Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency causes decreased numbers of T cells and lymphopenia. The patients suffering from PNP-deficiency may be admitted with recurrent infections, as well as neurological and autoimmune findings. We hereby presented a case admitted with the symptom of hematuria in which we established the diagnosis of PNP-deficiency early on the basis of detection of lymphopenia and low level of uric acid.