Effective teaching is one of the most important factors to improve student achievement. Therefore in this study we attempted to examine how to teach mathematics to students by primary mathematics teachers and elementary teachers. For this purpose, we used a Likert-type scale which was developed by Dede (2006) and adapted to teachers by researcher. It contained sub-factors items measuring teaching that are based on discussion and inquiry, communication, various instructional materials and sources, and using methods and materials for problem solving. During the fall semester in 200:52006, the scale was applied to 100 teachers who studied 54 elementary teachers at 8 primary schools and 46 primary mathematics teachers at 25 primary schools in Sivas. Results showed that there was no statistical difference between the means for elementary and primary mathematics teachers for entire scale.