Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu wrote Cerrahiyyetu'l Haniyye (Imperial Surgery) in 1465. It was the first illustrated surgical textbook in the Turkish-Islamic medical literature. Only three handwritten copies exist. Cerrahiyyetu'l Haniyye consists of three chapters (412 pp.) covering a wide range of surgical specialties, including medical and surgical management of such ophthalmic diseases as chalazion, symblepharon, lymphangiectasia, pannus, proptosis, and hypopyon.