Aim: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) have been widely used throughout the world. The effects of the PPIs on bone mineral density (BMD) is important for oral surgeons. The aim of this study was evaluate alterations in bone mineral density in patients using PPI.
Material and Methods: A total of 92 patients were enrolled in the study and were separated into 4 groups (24 in control group, 22 in Lansoprazole group, 24 in Pantoprazole group and 22 in Esomeprazole group). Hounsfield Unit scores were measuredseparately of the incisor, canine, premolar, molar and tubule regions in the jaws with computed tomography. The measurement area in the dental regions was defined as an area of 2mm2 at least 2mm from the apex of the teeth. All data were collected and statistically analysed.
Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in respect of mean age. There were no significant differences between the control and the study groups. Also no significant difference was found among the study groups.
Conclusion: These data revealed that there were no correlations between decreased maxillary bone mineral density and proton pump inhibitor use. Further studies with more extensive samples should take into consideration drug doses and the period of use.