Magnetic and optical properties of Cu1-xZnxFe2O4 nanoparticles dispersed in a silica matrix by a sol-gel auto-combustion method


Baykal A. , Esir S., Demir A., Guner S.

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, cilt.41, ss.231-239, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.08.063
  • Dergi Adı: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.231-239

Özet

Cu1-xZnxFe2O4/SiO2 (CZF/SiO2) (x=0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) nanocomposites were synthesized by a citric acid assisted sol gel process and a modified Stober method. Particle formation and evolution of the structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties were investigated by Thermal analysis (TGA), X-ray powder diffractometry (XRD), high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM)), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), and magnetic susceptibility measurements (VSM). Optical properties of Cu-Zn ferrite nanoparficles (NPs) were improved by using silica (SiO2) shell. CZF/SiO2 nanocomposites were evaluated for their magnetic and optical characteristics. The direct optical band gap (E-g) value was calculated as 1.70 eV. The E-g of CZF/SiO2 nanocomposites is found to increase as the Zn content rises. Moreover, silica coating enhances the band gap of the nanocomposites. These properties of CZF/SiO2 nanocomposites make them promising candidates for magneto-optical nano-device applications. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.