Social Networking Literacy Scale: A Study of Validity and Reliability

Demir Kaymak Z., Canan Güngören Ö., Akgün Ö. E. , Kıyıcı M.

Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, vol.9, no.1, pp.97-107, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.17220/mojet.2021.9.1.248
  • Title of Journal : Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology
  • Page Numbers: pp.97-107


The concept of social networking literacy emerged with the advent of Web 2.0. 

This study aims to develop a scale to measure the social networking literacy 

proficiencies of individuals. An item pool was created after a thorough review of 

the literature and taking experts views, and then application form prepared. The 

scale was applied to students of the Faculty of Education of Sakarya University, 

and reliability and validity analyses were conducted on the data gathered from 

313 students, using the SPSS 20 statistical software. Exploratory factor analysis 

(EFA) was used to examine the construct validity of the scale, and the internal 

consistency coefficient (Cronbach’s Alpha) was used to examine the reliability of 

the scale. 

The analyses conducted showed thatthe scale consisted of 40 items under a single 

factor which explained 61.179% of the total variance, and the Cronbach’s Alpha 

value calculated to examine the reliability of the scale was .98. In conclusion, 

analyses conducted to examine the reliability and the validity of the Social 

Networking Literacy Scale (SNLS) show that it is an efficient measurement tool to 

assess social networking literacy levels of the individuals.