JOURNAL OF FLUORESCENCE, cilt.18, ss.139-147, 2008
In the presented work studies of the interaction mode of monomer and two homodimer benzothiazole styryl dyes containing spermine-like linkage/tail group with the double stranded (ds) DNA are reported. For these dyes, equilibrium constant of dye binding to DNA (K-b), as well as the number of dsDNA base pairs occupied by one bound dye molecule (n) were determined. The data obtained show that the presence of spermine-like group containing quaternary nitrogen (Bos-5) results in increase of K (b) value as compared to this of unsubstituted analogue (Sbt). Besides, for the dimer dyes containing benzothiazole styryl chromophores, the K-b value is either five times higher (DBos-13) or almost the same (DBsu-10) as compared to this of corresponding monomer Sbt, depending on the position in the benzothiazole ring where the linker is attached. Moreover, the n values for both dimers are significantly different as well, pointing to the bis-intercalative binding mechanism for DBos-13 and for the groove-binding one for DBsu-10. The conclusion about the dimer dyes-dsDNA binding mechanisms is also supported by the study of the fluorescent response of these dyes on the presence of AT- and GC-containing polynucleotides.