Introduction & Objectives: Urinary stone disease is one of the most common and surgical diseases in urology practice. Especially in our country, is located in the front row. Genetic background, demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle and climatic features play an important role in the etiology of this disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the factors in etiology.
Materials & Methods: Between October 2018 and January 2019, a total of 384 patients with urinary system stones were included in the study. Data obtained with a standard inquiry form including demographic characteristics, socioeconomic characteristics, birth and residence, characteristics of stone, nutrition and lifestyle habits were recorded.
Results: The mean age of the patients included in the study was 46.1 ± 12.9 and approximately 2/3 of them were male. According to body mass index, those who were overweight and obese were 71.4%. 54 patients were primary or secondary school graduates while 54 patients were university graduates. 74% of patients had less than 3000TL. 74% of patients had less than 3000TL income. The birth place of Central Anatolia and the Black Sea Region accounted for 70% of the patients with urolithiasis. It was found that 59.9% of the patients had inadequate water intake, about 70% had 1 or less sports per week. More than 4 cups of tea per day consisted of 71.1% of urolithiasis patients. 84.9% of patients did not use any alcohol. Excessive salt use was 46.6%.
Conclusions: Similar to the literature, the majority of patients in our study were male sex, overweight or obese group. Low socioeconomic level and low level of education are other important factors that play a role in etiology. Inadequate water consumption, excessive amounts of tea and salt consumption and sedentary life are the most important factors in urinary stone formation. Similar inducing effect was not observed in coffee, cola and soda consumption. Changes to these correctable risk factors play an important role in disease prevention.