Hepatic pseudocyst as a result of ventriculoperitoneal shunts: Case report and review of the literature


KAPLAN M., Ozel S. K. , AKGUN B., KAZEZ A., KAPLAN S.

PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, vol.43, no.6, pp.501-503, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000108795
  • Title of Journal : PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY
  • Page Numbers: pp.501-503

Abstract

Hepatic pseudocyst formation is a rare intra-abdominal complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts. The presence of an intracranial tumor and a history of central nervous system infection are major risk factors for the development of this complication. Hepatic pseudocysts secondary to ventriculoperitoneal shunts can be classified as intra-and extraaxially growing cysts. On abdominal computed tomography images, extra-axially growing pseudocysts are typically surrounded by a fine annulus that shows continuity to hepatic parenchyma. For treatment of extra-axially growing hepatic pseudocysts, surgical unroofing of the cyst and repositioning of the catheter is an effective method if there is no shunt infection and/or dysfunction.