Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric details of the Turkish version of the Parenting Stress Index/Short Form (PSI/SF). Material and Methods: PSI/SF was administered to 90 mothers of children with congenital heart disease in the cardiology outpatient clinic. In 51 mothers the scale was re-administered 2 months later. Psychometric testing was carried out by using Cronbach's alpha, item-total correlations, test-retest reliability and validity. The concurrent validity of the instrument was established by correlating test scores with scores from 2 other well-known depression inventories (Beck and Zung Depression inventories). Results: Psychometric analysis showed that the Turkish version of the PSI/SF demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) for Total Stress Score (0.71) and also for subscales including Parental Distress (0.81), Parent-Child Dysfunctional :Interaction (0.76) and Difficult Child (0.78). Test-retest correlations (r= 0.88) indicated good stability over a mean time period of two months. The PSI/SF was in good correlation with Beck Depression (r= 0.77) and Zung Depression (r= 0.69) inventories. Conclusion: PSI/SF is an appropriate tool for measuring parenting stress in Turkish mothers of children with congenital heart disease and has cross-cultural validity.