Acceleration of Germination and Early Growth of Wheat and Bean Seedlings Grown Under Various Magnetic Field and Osmotic Conditions


ÇAKMAK T. , Dumlupinar R., Erdal S.

BIOELECTROMAGNETICS, cilt.31, no.31, ss.120-129, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/bem.20537
  • Dergi Adı: BIOELECTROMAGNETICS
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.120-129

Özet

Magnetic field (MF) can have different effects on plant metabolism depending on its application style, intensity, and environmental conditions. This study reports the effects of different intensities of static MF (4 or 7 mT) on seed germination and seedling growth of bean or wheat seeds in different media having 0, 2, 6, and 10 atmosphere (atm) osmotic pressure prepared with sucrose or salt. The germination percentages of the treated seeds were compared with untreated seeds germinated in different osmotic pressure during 7 days of incubation. The application of both MFs promoted the germination ratios of bean and wheat seeds, regardless of increasing osmotic pressure of sucrose or salt. Growth data measured on the 7th day showed that the treated plants grew faster than control. After 7 days of incubation, the mean length of treated seedlings was statistically higher than control plants in all the media. The greatest germination and growth rates in both plants were from the test groups exposed to 7 mT ME Strikingly, effects of static MF on germination and growth increased positively with increasing osmotic pressure or salt stress compared to their respective controls. On the other hand, MF application caused an increase in dry biomass accumulation of root and shoots of both seedlings; however, this effect was found statistically important in all the conditions for wheat but not for bean, in general. Bioelectromagnetics 31:120-129, 2010. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.