The purpose of this study is to analyze Suray-i Askeri (Military Council), one of the military councils of the Second Constitutionalist Era. Suray-i Askeri was a council that represented a fundamental change in the field of the military. This council replaced Meclis-i Mehamm-i Harbiye, which was founded right after the Second Constitutionalist Era. During the period following the Second Constitutionalist Era, convinced that they were too inexperienced in governing, the leaders of the Committee of Union and Progress had to hand over political power to former politicians. Besides, the members of Meclis-i Mehamm-i Harbiye failed to be influential since they were comprised mainly of Abdulhamid's bureaucrats. After founding, the Military Council investigated many military issues. Despite his pioneership in reforms, Ahmet Izzet Pacha, one of the members of the Committee, was unable to accomplish all of them. Finally, the Military Council was abolished, when Enver Pasha became commander-in-chief in 1914.