Objectives: Hearing loss is one of the most common congenital anomalies among neonates. A normal capacity in early infantile age is extremely important for social, emotional and mental development, as well as speech and language progress in children. The newborn hearing screening programme is very functional in early diagnosis. Maternal preeclampsia is highly associated with neonatal mortality and morbidity from iatrogenic prematurity. Although preeclampsia has not been described so far in the literature as a prenatal complication that creates the risk of hearing loss, in this study we aimed to determine if preeclampsia is a risk factor for hearing impairment in newborns.