Some conflicting results have been published about the relationship between TNF-α-308 gene polymorphism and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to determine whether TNF-α-308 gene polymorphism was associated with smoking-related COPD and whether it was associated with pulmonary function parameters (PFTs), body mass index (BMI), and prognosis.
We studied the frequencies of TNF-α-308 gene polymorphism in 90 male subjects (60 subjects with COPD and 30 healthy smokers) in a Caucasian population.
There was no significant difference in the frequency of G/G and G/A gene polymorphisms in the COPD group compared with control subjects (p>0.05). We compared COPD patients as G/A gene polymorphism and G/G gene polymorphism; the PFTs and BMI before and after one year were not statistically significant (p>0.05). Also, the exacerbation and hospitalization data of COPD patients were not significant between these groups.
In conclusion, there was no difference between smoking-related COPD and the control group according to TNF α-308 gene polymorphism in a Caucasian population. In addition, it was shown that important determinants of prognosis of COPD such as FEV1, BMI, COPD exacerbation and hospitalization were not associated with TNF-α-308 gene polymorphism.