Analyzing perspective taking skills of 5- to 6-year-old preschool children in relation to their self-perception and gender

Gülay Ogelman H., Seçer Z., Önder A.

Journal of Research in Childhood Education, vol.27, no.4, pp.427-439, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02568543.2013.822951
  • Journal Name: Journal of Research in Childhood Education
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.427-439
  • Keywords: 5- to 6-year-old children, child development, gender, perspective taking, self-perception


The purpose of this study is to analyze the ability of preschool children to take on a perspective, based on their self-perception and gender. A relational survey method was used, with 124 children between ages 5 and 6 participating - 74 girls (59.7%) and 50 boys (40.3%). The Self-Perception Scale for Children and Perspective-Taking Test was conducted on the children individually by the researchers. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, two-way ANOVA, and simple linear regression analysis were used for data analysis. The results for the study indicate a significant relationship between the skill of perspective taking and self-perception. In addition, the score mean for the skill level of perspective taking changed according to self-concept. Children with a high level of self-perception had a higher skill level of perspective taking in comparison to children with a low level of self-perception. © 2013 Copyright Association for Childhood Education International.